The overall J-CROSS objective is to minimize the risks from natural and man-made disasters for the regions of Western Macedonia (Greece) & Pelagonija (Republic of North Macedonia) on a long-term basis and in a way that can be replicated in other cross border areas.
J-CROSS elaborates on the idea of the Joint Cross Border Action Plan for the regions of Western Macedonia (Greece) and Pelagonija (Republic of North Macedonia). It stems from past events (forest fires and floods in the borderline) that demanded joint action from both sides and faced many problems before being accomplished. Moreover, the area of both regions is being promoted as an attractive area for investments and businesses. The role of civil protection to guarantee such promise is crucial and clearly perceived as such by both regions, which is reflected in their current regional operational programs. Such an approach is novel, and in 2016 and 2017 was clearly included in the objectives of the European Commission in the Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Directorate Work Program. Successful implementation can be adapted and adopted in many cross-border areas not only between Greece and North Macedonia but also in other cross border areas in the Balkan Peninsula. J-CROSS has a dual character approach: a) infrastructure works in both countries to eliminate the common floods risk. b) joint actions such as monitoring cross border area for landslides through innovative approaches, common early warning systems, decision support tools and training, a big field exercise… to conclude in a cross border joint Action Plan that will assess risks, prioritize countermeasures and finance them considering both regions area as an entity.
Project is funded by the INTERREG IPA Cross Border Cooperation Programme “Greece – Republic of North Macedonia 2014-2020”.
More info about J-CROSS Project on the following link http://www.ipa-cbc-programme.eu/approved-project/63/
GAUSS Institute in this project is a subcontractor to the Center for Development of Pelagonija Region responsible to develop:
Study for mapping landslides as a result of the floods in Pelagonija region.
The natural geological, geomorphological, and hydrological conditions of the terrain in the Pelagonia region (Republic of North Macedonia) are quite complex. During certain extreme meteorological events (e.g., intense short-term precipitation or longer-lasting precipitation with lower intensity, rapid snow melting, etc.) some geological phenomena such as landslides and hydrological events such as floods occur.
In order to make an insight into the situation with these natural hazards, GAUSS Institute was subcontracted, and prepared a study with the following content:
• Overview of the natural factors (geology, geomorphology, climate, etc.).
• Available data for landslides and consequences thereof.
• History floods and their consequences.
• Preliminary identification of the key factors that cause landslides and floods.
• Mapping the existing landslides and floods.
• Characteristics and benefits of establishing an early warning system for landslides and floods.
• Responsibility of the competent institutions of the region in the event of a landslide or flood.
Download the study here!
Develop a dam breaking study in the Pelagonija region (Strezevo Dam).
Hydro system Strezhevo is a multipurpose water management system. The basic facilities are dam with accumulation, assembly (alimentation) channel, main supply duct, and pipeline irrigation network.
The Strezhevo dam was built on the river Shemnica. It is a muddy ground dam, with a clay core. The height of the dam is 90 meters, and the height in relation to the lowest point of the field is 71 meters. The length of the dam on the crown is 612 meters.
In order to assess the current situation and preparedness to respond to the eventual dam breaking, the experts of GAUSS Institute prepared a study with the following content:
• Detailed description of the dam Strezhevo with technical data about the dam.
• Information and analysis on the most critical points of the dam, possible dam breakdown scenarios, dam breakdown history, causes, and types of dam faults, parameter estimation, methods of physical destruction.
• Zones of immersion in case of demolition of the dam. Determination of the hydraulic consequences of demolishing the dam Strezevo, as the most critical dam in the Pelagonia region.
• Providing a safe water level in the accumulation.
• Devices and installations and Operational plan for reporting and excitement of residents. Security management procedures, etc.
Download the study here!
The studies were developed in the period November – December 2019.