Industrial Symbiosis (IS) is an innovative approach that brings together companies from all business sectors with the aim of improving cross-industry resource efficiency through the commercial trading of materials, energy, and water and sharing assets, logistics and expertise.
The project’s main objective is to set up an integrated, sustainable, bio-waste management and trading scheme between the partner regions of Western Macedonia in Greece (former Prefecture of Florina) and the municipality areas of Bitola and Novaci in the Republic of North Macedonia, following the Industrial Symbiosis concept. SYMBIOSIS will develop symbiotic networks bringing together companies and stakeholders from all business sectors, aiming to improve cross-industry resource efficiency through material trading and sharing assets in an environmentally sustainable way. Planning and regional development infrastructures, and matchmaking and retrieval services are key means in SYMBIOSIS to set up cost-effective biomass supply chains.
The specific objectives of SYMBIOSIS project are:
1. To set-up a cross-industry resource efficiency through organic material trading and sharing assets;
2. To create industrial sustainable networks especially in the agro-food industry;
3. To achieve maximum efficiencies in energy and water use;
4. To have a reference point where the demand will meet the offer of bio-waste materials in the cross-border area;
5. To improve the local policies on the management of bio-waste streams and tackle this issue individually following the directions of the EU policy for less bio-waste to the landfills and better utilization for other uses;
6. To improve the environmental benefits by reducing the bio-waste streams that were disposed into landfills;
7. To generate tangible social benefits to local communities by better use of bioresources from the food industry in favor of social activities;
8. To improve the cooperation among sectors and businesses in the cross-border area thus improving the local economies and boosting entrepreneurship;
9. To support the local economies by safeg.uarding raw materials or fuel coming from bio-waste;
10. To promote job creation in the regions into question by exploring the trade opportunities and using waste as a resource.
Project is implemented by:
GAUSS Institute is subcontractor responsible for:
Development of report on the national policies on bio-waste management and the current level of their implementation in regional level (region of municipalities Bitola and Novaci)
The report provides relevant data on general facts of waste management and overview of national legislation on waste management and treatment with particular attention to bio-waste related regulations, waste management strategies and plans, responsible administration, waste prevention measures, market-based instruments, targets for bio-waste treatment and recycling, etc. The report also identifies the level of implementation of national strategies and action plans and detect the obstacles (reasons) in achieving foreseen targets on bio-waste treatment and recycling. The report also encloses best practices in waste management and circular economy implemented within the region and in EU countries, as well as recommendations that will be used for the development of the action plan for integration of Symbiosis networks to the regional strategies and regional financial and support schemes. The report was prepared on the basis of relevant and accurate data obtained through different methodologies (desk & field research, questionnaires to relevant stakeholders, public consultations, etc.).
Mapping and measure all the bio-waste streams derived by the agro-food industrial sector and humanmade activities (outflow)
Tasks: Development of methodology for identification of different types of bio-waste streams; identification and mapping of qualitative and quantitative data of specific waste streams, supported with details regarding the type of waste, characteristics such the main waste components, moisture, density, gauge, quantities available, seasonal variations, frequency, location, current way of treatment and/or disposal, market value, transport costs, etc.; development of methodology for data collection, conducting survey, organization of meetings with relevant stakeholders, data processing and defining results.
Record and analyze the needs of the cross-sectoral industries of raw materials and wood-based resources for covering the biowaste needs of an industrial process or agricultural activity (inflow)
Tasks: identification of the current situation regarding the needs of the cross-sectoral industries for different types of bio-wastes supported with relevant data for different kinds of specific organic materials needed (moisture, density, gauge, production capacities/quantities, frequency, location, market value, etc.); data collection (questionnaires); recommendations for key priorities and potentials for fostering of circular economy; development of report.
Develop a bio-waste template agreement and proceed with the match-making of different waste streams and bio-waste business agreements in the North Macedonia project area.
Tasks: Close work with direct beneficiaries of the project (producers and users of bio-wastes) within North Macedonia targeted area in order to meet the ‘offer’ with the ‘demand’ of biowaste, thus creating business opportunities and providing a new solution for exploitation of bio-waste. This work should result in real trade of bio-waste (conclusion of agreements between the bio-waste producers and users), which is the crucial part of the Industrial Symbiosis as an innovative approach that brings together companies from all business sectors. Development of bio-waste template agreement tailored upon the specific data of the outflow (bio-waste producers), characterized by types, locations, volumes and seasonality, and the needs of the inflow (bio-waste users) in relation with the costs of acquisition, transportation, and other additional costs.
Monitoring the operation of the bio-composter (pilot bio-waste treatment plant) for 6 months by using different mixes of waste (make use of at least 3 different mixtures of municipal solid waste, agro-waste, sewage sludge, manure, etc.)
Tasks: Monitoring and record the level of implementation of the procedure for primary waste selection, as well as quantities and types of bio-waste collected within the project targeted area. Monitor the operation of the bio-composter, pilot bio-waste treatment plant, installed at PE Komunalec – Bitola. Record the quantities of bio-waste that will be used within the composting procedure: entering the chamber where it will be aerated, agitated, and mixed with the incoming fresh waste by different mixing techniques. Define at least three different mixtures of municipal solid waste and agro-waste, sewage sludge, manure, etc. to be used. Reporting on the procedure implemented, operation of the equipment, and results of the pilot bio-waste treatment.
Technical study on composting in Bitola region
Technical Study on composting in the Bitola region will be developed upon results gained from project activities regarding the capacities and types of bio-waste available in Pelagonija Region and will enclose the following chapters:
a) Conceptual design of bio-waste treatment facility
b) Development of the basic project and defining location requirements
c) Technical specifications of composting equipment
d) Forecast of investment costs
The study will be used as a guide for identifying suitable locations for composting facilities, starting with procedures for obtaining a building permit and planning the financial structure of the investment. This study ensures the continuation of the action i.e., project sustainability.
Project is funded by INTERREG IPA Cross Border Cooperation Programme “Greece – Republic of North Macedonia 2014-2020”